Anitkabir, the Turkish War of Independence and the leader of the Revolution and the first president of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, in Ankara Anıttepe (formerly the Rasattepe) is the mausoleum. In addition, the fourth President Cemal Gürsel was also buried in the martyrs of the revolution in section 1966 (dated 6 November 1981. Article 1, Paragraph 2: In accordance with the Law on State Cemetery, was removed on August 27, 1988). Since 1973, Ismet Inonu, Ataturk's Mausoleum, the tomb is also.
Before the Mausoleum observations (observation) station so there was Anıttepe Rasattepe's name. 906 altitudes that hill, BC. In the 12th century tumuli of Phrygian civilization in Anatolia (graves) were present. Once a decision is to be made in Rasattepe'de Mausoleum archaeological excavations to remove these tombs were made. Artifacts unearthed from the tumulus, are exhibited in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.
After determining the Anıtkabir project, expropriation and began work on the first phase of the construction was done on October 9, 1944. Mausoleum built in stages over a period of 4 years 9 was completed in 1953.